Action Plans for Disaster Management and Preparedness
As a result of migration to urban areas worldwide by people who want to seek jobs, high buildings have been erected coupled with increase in population, overhead electric cables, and slum areas. This situation together with rapid industrialization, more oil storage tanks and oil pipelines, occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes leads to a great disaster to come. The way people respond and their level of preparedness vary in some parts of the world that experience different disasters. In the concept of mitigation, activities and measures included are put in place in order to minimize the disaster’s effects and impact. In addition to this, the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area are covered. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. Depending on the locality and the community concerned, this can involve a lot of aspects and angles. The two categories for these measures are called structural and non-structural.
These measures of preparedness that mitigate disasters, both structural and non-structural, are further classified into active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Since the passive measures rely on laws and controls, the active measures have been noticed to be more effective. As often observed, the fact that the law based planning codes and rules lack effectiveness unless strongly implemented together with the cooperation of building owners. To do the trick, subsidies and lower insurance premiums can be offered for better and safer constructions.
When disasters happen, the government and the local authorities need to have preparedness efforts to clear structures for handling. It is important to have simple and easy plans and policies for implementation by the disaster preparedness and management unit. It is required that the public and members of organizations be educated and that aside from a well planned use of the land, the warning systems must also be placed properly and constantly serviced. Improper planning could result to fires that are difficult to put out and roads that are impassable for fire and emergency vehicles. If in the event that the government or the local authorities do not make or create a pre or prior planning, the result would be that disaster response and post disaster management will be one of the most challenging things to do.
Source: Water Damage